Majority of us have been teleported into a strange mode of 'peace'; even if they kill your people, they express their enmity openly; still you keep on waiting for some 'miracle' under the banner of peace. Qur'an on the other hand gives Muslim clear directions on the basis of which they'd always have the upper hand. The religion (deen) of Allah was not revealed to remain in books, in fact, it came to wipe evil and replace it with divine system.
Surah Al Baqarah 2:193
And fight them on until there is no more Tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith in Allah; but if they cease, Let there be no hostility except to those who practice oppression.
The only way to global peace is an Islamic world order. As prophesized, this world would surely see a day when the divine laws will stretch throughout its expanse replacing all godless systems. As prophesized, some people will keep on struggling for it until we see it as a reality. And as prophesized, Muslims have fallen into 'wahn' a disease which puts in them this world's love, and takes away the desire to meet Allah. For this reason, people have fallen into all sorts of 'logics' and ignored the golden rule for making foreign policies laid down in the Qur'an. How can we accept Allah's help when we disobey his clear-cut orders? Does this not put us in the category of those who accept portion of the book, and reject other portion?
Surah Al Baqarah 2:185
...Then is it only a part of the Book that ye believe in, and do ye reject the rest? but what is the reward for those among you who behave like this but disgrace in this life?- and on the Day of Judgment they shall be consigned to the most grievous penalty. For Allah is not unmindful of what ye do.
Here, I present the manifest Ayaat of the Holy Qur'an telling us how we behave with non-believing nations on state-level. Analyze the Ayaat and the commentary of scholars on it.
Surah An Nisa 4:59-60
O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from among you; then if you quarrel about anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the last day; this is better and very good in the end.
Have you not seen those who assert that they believe in what has been revealed to you and what was revealed before you? They desire to summon one another to the judgment of the Shaitan, though they were commanded to deny him, and the Shaitan desires to lead them astray into a remote error.
"This passage defines the source from which the Muslim community derives its way of life, how it receives it, the method of understanding what it learns, the ultimate arbiter in controversial matters where a clear verdict is needed, and the authority to obey and how it derives its mandate. Such definitions clearly set out the conditions of faith and the boundaries of Islam.
Those who want to refer their disputes to false gods, i.e. to a law other than God’s law, will not have their claims to be believers accepted. Their claim is false, belied by their reference to false gods. The Muslim community is told that their refusal to refer all disputes to God’s revelations and His Messenger is a clear mark of hypocrisy. "
(سيد قطب, فى ظلال القراّن)
Surah An Nisa 4:138-139
Announce to the hypocrites that they shall have a painful chastisement: Those who take the unbelievers for guardians rather than believers. Do they seek honor from them? Then surely all honor is for Allah.
"It exposes the nature of the hypocrites and their first characteristic, which is their alliance with the unbelievers in preference to the believers. It also shows their lack of understanding of the balance of power. The unbelievers have no honour or might to impart to others as the hypocrites believe. It declares that all honour belongs to God, and it is to be sought from Him alone. People should understand that they have only one source of support. When they seek this, they will find honour and protection. They will be able to feel their dignity and freedom. Otherwise, they will be enslaved by other values, traditions, people and fears. There will be none to protect them from such subjugation. On the other hand, submission to God alone imparts a true feeling of dignity and honour which frees them from all the humiliation which is attendant on submission to any other source or power. The choice is open for us all to make.
No one seeks honour from someone other than God and remains a believer. No one turns to God’s enemies for support, strength and glory if he truly believes in God. Some people in our midst who claim to be Muslim and have Muslim names seek support from God’s worst sworn enemies on earth. They should reflect on what the Qur’ān says, if they truly want to be Muslims. Otherwise, they should know that God does not stand in need of anyone."
(سيد قطب, فى ظلال القراّن)
Surah Hud 11:113
And do not incline to those who are unjust, lest the fire touch you, and you have no guardians besides Allah, then you shall not be helped.
"Do not incline towards or have any trust in tyrants who oppress and subjugate others by their sheer force, making them submit to false gods. If you trust them, or incline towards them, you are endorsing the great evil they practise, and you become party to it. Such deviation would bring about the punishment of hell and leave you without God’s support or protection."
(سيد قطب, فى ظلال القراّن)
Surah Ale Imran 3:118-120
O you who believe! do not take for intimate friends from among others than your own people; they do not fall short of inflicting loss upon you; they love what distresses you; vehement hatred has already appeared from out of their mouths, and what their breasts conceal is greater still; indeed, We have made the communications clear to you, if you will understand.
Lo! you are they who will love them while they do not love you, and you believe in the Book (in) the whole of it; and when they meet you they say: We believe, and when they are alone, they bite the ends of their fingers in rage against you. Say: Die in your rage; surely Allah knows what is in the breasts.
If good befalls you, it grieves them, and if an evil afflicts you, they rejoice at it; and if you are patient and guard yourselves, their scheme will not injure you in any way; surely Allah comprehends what they do.
"The Qur’ān, therefore, issues this warning so as to open the eyes of the Muslim community to the reality of the matter and to make it aware of the machinations of its natural enemies. This warning is not limited to any particular period of history. It applies at all times. It deals with a situation which may exist at any time, as it does indeed in our present time.
The Muslims though remain heedless of their Lord’s directive not to develop any intimate friendship with anyone other than their own people. All other people are inferior to the Muslims in their way of life, methods and nature. God tells the Muslims not to make any such people their advisors and confidants. Yet the Muslims do not heed this directive. They continue to refer to such people in every matter and situation and look up to them for guidance in every system, method and philosophy.
Time after time we go through bitter experiences but none of these seem to wake us up. Time after time we discover the unbelievers’ evil intentions, cleverly masked, but we do not seem to learn our lesson. Yet they make many slips of the tongue which reveal their deep hatred of Islam. This which cannot be dispelled by any measure of friendliness shown to them by the Muslims or by the tolerance Muslims are taught by their faith. But we nevertheless open our hearts to them and treat them as close friends throughout life. Our courtesy, or indeed our spiritual defeat, reaches such proportions that we even avoid mentioning our faith in front of them. We refrain from taking Islam for our way of life and we distort our own history so as to avoid any mention of past conflicts between our forefathers and those enemies who work for our ruin. It is only to be expected then that we receive the punishment of those who disobey God. It is only natural that we find ourselves weak, defenseless and humiliated; suffering the distress which they love to see us in, and weakened by the corruption they spare no effort to spread among us. "
(سيد قطب, فى ظلال القراّن)
Surah Al Maida:78-81
Those who disbelieved from among the children of Israel were cursed by the tongue of Dawood and Isa, son of Marium; this was because they disobeyed and used to exceed the limit.
They used not to forbid each other the hateful things (which) they did; certainly evil was that which they did.
You will see many of them befriending those who disbelieve; certainly evil is that which their souls have sent before for them, that Allah became displeased with them and in chastisement shall they abide.
And had they believed in Allah and the prophet and what was revealed to him, they would not have taken them for friends but! Most of them are transgressors.
" As the Qur’ān depicts this phenomenon of Israelite society, condemning it and showing it in a bad light, it wants for the Muslim community a solid structure which repels every aspect of rebellion and transgression. It wants the Muslim community to solidly defend the truth and to be sensitive to any aggression against it. It wants those who advocate the implementation of faith to discharge their responsibility by standing firm against evil, corruption, tyranny and transgression. The Muslims should pay no heed to anyone who blames them for their attitude. They maintain their opposition to evil whether it is practiced by powerful rulers, influential men of wealth, evil people with physical power or the masses swayed by vain desires. God’s system remains the true system and those who deviate from it are all alike, be they people of high or low position. Islam strongly emphasizes the need to fulfill God’s trust, and threatens a common punishment to the whole community if it allows evil to spread within it. The responsibility is shared by every individual and by the community as a whole."
(سيد قطب, فى ظلال القراّن)
Surah Ale Imran 3:28
Let not the believers take the unbelievers for friends rather than believers; and whoever does this, he shall have nothing of (the guardianship of) Allah, but you should guard yourselves against them, guarding carefully; and Allah makes you cautious of (retribution from) Himself; and to Allah is the eventual coming.
" Indeed, the one who takes the unbelievers, i.e. those who do not accept the judgement of God’s book and revelations, as patrons, “He who does this has cut himself off from God.” (Ayat 28) There is absolutely no relationship between him and God. This applies to those who patronise and support or seek the patronage or support of the unbelievers who reject the judgement of Divine revelations, even though they may claim to follow God’s religion. The warning against such patronage which destroys faith altogether is further elaborated upon. The Muslim community is also made aware of the true nature of
...Making it absolutely clear that a Muslim disowns Islam if he forges a relationship of alliance or patronage with someone who refuses to acknowledge God’s revelation as the arbiter in life: “Let not the believers take unbelievers for their allies in preference to the believers. He who does this has cut himself off from God.” What a decisive statement! He has cut himself off from God. He has no relationship whatsoever with Him: no faith, no tie, and no support. He never comes near to God nor has any contact with Him whatsoever. "
(سيد قطب, فى ظلال القراّن)
Surah Al Mujadilah: 58:14-15
Have you not seen those who befriend a people on whom Allah's wrath? They are neither of you nor of them, and they swear falsely while they know. Allah has prepared for them a severe punishment; surely what they do is evil.
Surah Al Mujadilah 58:22
Thou wilt not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, loving those who resist Allah and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred. For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with a spirit from Himself. And He will admit them to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, to dwell therein (for ever). Allah will be well pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allah. Truly it is the Party of Allah that will achieve Felicity.
" The matter of principle is that faith in the true Religion and love of the opponents of the Religion are contradictory things, which cannot conceivably co-exist in one and the same place. It is absolutely impossible that love of the Faith and love of the enemies of Allah and His Messenger should co-exist in one and the same heart, just as a person's love for himself and his love for his enemy cannot co-exist in his heart simultaneously. This is as if to say: lf you see a person who professes the Faith as well as keeps relations of love with the opponents of Islam, you should never be involved in the misunderstanding that he might perhaps be true in his profession in spite of his this attitude and conduct. Likewise, the people who have established relations with Islam and the opponents of Islam simultaneously, should themselves also consider their position well and see what they actually are. Are they believers or hypocrites? And what actually they want to be to they want to live as believers or as hypocrites? If they have any righteousness left in them. and any feeling that from the moral viewpoint hypocrisy is the meanest and most abject attitude for man, they should give up their attempt to ride in two boats simultaneously. Faith wants them to be decisive. If they want to remain believers, they should sever and sacrifice all those connections that clash with their relationship with Islam; if they hold another relation dearer to themselves than the relationship with Islam, then they should better give up their false profession of Islam. "
(مودودى, تفهىيم القراّن)
" And the scholars have mentioned in the commentary of the Ayah " You shall not find a people…": Allah has clarified that Imaan is left void (faasid) by friendship with Kuffaar. "
( A famous book فقه الحنبلى : فروع لابن المفلح )
Surah Al Mumtahinah 60:1-2
O ye who believe! Take not my enemies and yours as friends (or protectors),- offering them (your) love, even though they have rejected the Truth that has come to you, and have (on the contrary) driven out the Prophet and yourselves (from your homes), (simply) because ye believe in Allah your Lord! If ye have come out to strive in My Way and to seek My Good Pleasure, (take them not as friends), holding secret conAyat of love (and friendship) with them: for I know full well all that ye conceal and all that ye reveal. And any of you that does this has strayed from the Straight Path. If they were to get the better of you, they would behave to you as enemies, and stretch forth their hands and their tongues against you for evil: and they desire that ye should reject the Truth.
Clearing one doubt
Narrated 'Ali: Allah's Apostle sent me, Az-Zubair and Al-Miqdad saying, "Proceed till you reach Rawdat Khakh where there is a lady carrying a letter, and take that (letter) from her." So we proceeded on our way with our horses galloping till we reached the Rawda, and there we found the lady and said to her, "Take out the letter." She said, "I have no letter." We said, "Take out the letter, or else we will take off your clothes." So she took it out of her braid, and we brought the letter to Allah's Apostle . The letter was addressed from Hatib, bin Abi Balta'a to some pagans of Mecca, telling them about what Allah's Apostle intended to do. Allah's Apostle said, "O Hatib! What is this?" Hatib replied, "O Allah's Apostle! Do not make a hasty decision about me. I was a person not belonging to Quraish but I was an ally to them from outside and had no blood relation with them, and all the Emigrants who were with you, have got their kinsmen (in Mecca) who can protect their families and properties. So I liked to do them a favor so that they might protect my relatives as I have no blood relation with them. I did not do this to renegade from my religion (i.e. Islam) nor did I do it to choose Heathenism after Islam." Allah's Apostle said to his companions." As regards him, he (i.e. Hatib) has told you the truth." 'Umar said, "O Allah's Apostle! Allow me to chop off the head of this hypocrite!" The Prophet said, "He (i.e. Hatib) has witnessed the Badr battle (i.e. fought in it) and what could tell you, perhaps Allah looked at those who witnessed Badr and said, "O the people of Badr (i.e. Badr Muslim warriors), do what you like, for I have forgiven you. "Then Allah revealed the Sura:
"O you who believe! Take not my enemies And your enemies as friends offering them (Your) love even though they have disbelieved in that Truth (i.e. Allah, Prophet Muhammad and this Quran) which has come to you ....(to the end of Ayat)....(And whosoever of you (Muslims) does that, then indeed he has gone (far) astray (away) from the Straight Path." (Surah Al Mumtahinah 60: 1)(Reference: Sahih Al Bukhari & Sahih Al Muslim)
Few people quote this hadith to prove that one who forms an ally with the Kufaar is forgiven if his intention other than fighting against Muslims, or supporting them against Muslims.
Ibn e Hajr has clarified in his commentary on Sahih Al Bukhari in Fath ul Bari. He writes in hiis commentary on this hadith : Prophet Muhammad Said " "He (i.e. Hatib) has witnessed the Badr battle (i.e. fought in it) and what you know". The reason for not killing him is because he witnessed (fought in ) Badr. It is like he (Umar) said that "would participation in Badr make him free from this great sin". Prophet Muhammad approved it by saying "and what you know..."
And in many narrations the wording is like, "And it is because, Allah has looked at those who witnessed Badr…". And in Kitab Al Maghazi, where the hadith is narrated by Abu hurraira, the title of the hadith is "Significance of the one who witnessed Badr" which further clarifies the issue.
Surah Al Baqarah 2:120
Never will the Jews or the Christians be satisfied with thee unless thou follow their form of religion. Say: "The Guidance of Allah,-that is the (only) Guidance." Wert thou to follow their desires after the knowledge which hath reached thee, then wouldst thou find neither Protector nor helper against Allah.
"That is the heavy price that would have to be paid. They will accept nothing less. But God’s instructions are very clear: “Say: ‘God’s guidance is the only true guidance.’” (Ayat 120) The instruction is definite and emphatic: there is to be no negotiation or bargaining, no compromise or appeasement. The Prophet is warned that his wish to convey the message to those people and his eagerness for them to believe him, or his inclination to befriend them, should not distract him from the difficult but straight path he has taken: “Should you follow their desires after all the knowledge that has come to you, you would have none to protect you from God, nor to give you help.” (Ayat 120) "
(سيد قطب, فى ظلال القراّن)
Surah Al Anfaal 8:73
The Unbelievers are protectors, one of another: Unless ye do this, (protect each other), there would be tumult and oppression on earth, and great mischief.
“ Thus, this Muslim party has no choice but to go for and control the power centres, for the simple reason that an oppressive immoral civilization derives its sustenance from an immoral governmental set-up. Likewise, a righteous state apparatus cannot be implemented unless the reins of government pass from the mischief-makers to the peacemakers.
That being the case, not to talk of reforming the world, this party will not be able to live up to its convictions if the ruling system is tied to some other mode of thought. For example, a person of a socialist bent will not be able to live by the norms of his preferred system if he resides under the capitalist systems of Britain and the United States. Likewise, if a Muslim seeks to live in a non-Islamic ambience, his desire to live a Muslim life will be hard to realize. This is due to the fact that the laws he considers defective, the taxes he considers wrong, the matters he considers illegitimate, the culture he considers ridden with immorality, the education system he considers horrible will be imposed upon him and his family, and he will not find a way out.
Thus a person or a group who believes in a value system is forced by the logic of its truth to seek its establishment in place of the opposing value system. If he does not become part of the effort to change the situation, he will prove himself to be false in his faith.”
(سيد قطب, فى ظلال القراّن)
Surah Al Mumtahina 60:5
"Our Lord! Make us not a (test and) trial for the Unbelievers, but forgive us, our Lord! for Thou art the Exalted in Might, the Wise."
There are several ways in which the believers can become a cause of trial for the disbelievers, for which every believer should seek Allah's refuge. For example,
(1) the disbelievers may gain in upper hand over them and consider it a proof of their being in the right and the believers being in the wrong; otherwise it could not be that in spite of Allah's good pleasure that they claim to enjoy, the disbelievers would have been able to gain an upper hand over them;
(2) the persecution of the believers by the disbelievers may become unbearable with the result that they may yield to them and abandon their Faith and moral values this would subject the believers to public ridicule and would provide the disbelievers with an opportunity to humiliate and debase than and their religion:
(3) in spite of being the standard-bearers of the true Faith the believers may lose their moral superiority that should accrue to them as believers. and the people have the same defects and deficiencies in their character as are commonly found in an un-Islamic community: this would give the disbelievers an opportunity to say that the Faith of the believers was in no way superior to their disbelief.
(مودودى, تفهىيم القراّن)
Surah Al Mumtahina 60:13
O you who believe! do not make friends with a people with whom Allah is wrath; indeed they despair of the hereafter as the unbelievers despair of those in tombs.
Surah Al Maida 5:51-57
O you who believe! do not take the Jews and the Christians for friends; they are friends of each other; and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them; surely Allah does not guide the unjust people.
But you will see those in whose hearts is a disease hastening towards them, saying: We fear lest a calamity should befall us; but it may be that Allah will bring the victory or a punish ment from Himself, so that they shall be regretting on account of what they hid in their souls.
And those who believe will say: Are these they who swore by Allah with the most forcible of their oaths that they were most surely with you? Their deeds shall go for nothing, so they shall become losers.
O you who believe! whoever from among you turns back from his religion, then Allah will bring a people, He shall love them and they shall love Him, lowly before the believers, mighty against the unbelievers, they shall strive hard in Allah's way and shall not fear the censure of any censurer; this is Allah's Face, He gives it to whom He pleases, and Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
Only Allah is your Vali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow.
And whoever takes Allah and His messenger and those who believe for a guardian, then surely the party of Allah are they that shall be triumphant.
O you who believe! do not take for guardians those who take your religion for a mockery and a joke, from among those who were given the Book before you and the unbelievers; and be careful of (your duty to) Allah if you are believers.
Various Scholars Commentary on 5:51
الطبري، أبو جعفر
جامع البيان في تأويل القرآن
Abu J'afar says: Allah is forbidding all the momineen from taking Jews or Christians as helpers or alliances( حلفاء) instead of those who believed in Allah and His messenger. And He is telling us that whosoever takes them as helpers or protectors instead of Allah and his messenger and the momineen, then he is amongst them in forming an alliance against Allah, His messenger and momineen. And Allah and His messenger have declared exemption from them.
1-The context of these Ayaat is not certain. There are multiple narrations in the Tafaseer. Imam Ibn e Kathir quotes all those narrations in his tafseer. Multiple narrations tell us that these ayaat were revealed for: a. Those two men who declared that they keep friendship with Jews or Christians so that they might help in the time of need. b. for Abi Lubaba, for what he did in Ghazwae Bani Quraiza. c. for Abdullah bin ubayy abi salool. It is possible that the Ayaah was revealed for many incidents. No matter what the actual context of the Ayah be, one should not ignore the general message of the Ayah, as it is addressing all the momineen. This has been elaborated by Abu J'afar above.
2-Dr.Israr Ahmed raised an interesting point in his series of lectures on the commentary of Qur'an : Bayan ul Quran. "They are friends of each other" : this situation was not present at the time of Prophet Muhammad and the Sahaba. In those times Jews and Christians were not allied, rather in a state of enmity for their wide differences in beliefs (See Surah Al Maida 5:14). Hence, the Qur'an prophesized a time when they would form an alliance against you, and these Ayaat are specifically for that time. And we are living in that age, but most (if not all) the current Islamic States are counted amongst 'them' because of their alliances with the enemies of Allah as per the fatwa of the Qur'an. And Allah Knows Best.
Abu J'afar says regarding "and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them" : " And whosoever amongst you took them as protectors (befriended them) and helped them against the momineen, then he is among their religion and nation….and for him is the order (hukm) what is for them. "
Allah tells the reason for prohibiting friendship with them : " they are friends of each other": They are friends of each because they are one nation and group in Kufr, and it is not for any one not of their religion (i.e. the religion of Kufr) to have friendship with them. "and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them": from amongst their group, and the order (hukm) for him is like the order (hukm) for them.
الجواهر الحسان في تفسير القرآن
" And the order (hukm) of this Ayaah remains"
محمد سيد طنطاوي
And in the Ayah Allah is addressing all the momineen, of all times (zaman) and locations (makan), as the warning is because of the generality of the wordings and not because of any specific incident. Auliya is the plural of wali and it is means helper, friend or lover….meaning do not take the Jews or the Christians as Auliyah (friends, protectors) because the Jews are friends amongst themselves, and Christians are friends amongst themselves, they differ among themselves, but they all have agreement on the hatred for Islam and Muslims.
عبد الرحمن بن ناصر بن السعدي
تيسير الكريم الرحمن في تفسير كلام المنان
"And whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them" : because complete friendship becomes the conversion to their religions, and little friendship invites towards more, and things go on increasing, until he becomes one of them.
القرطبي، شمس الدين
" and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend" : joins hand with them against muslims. "surely he is one of them" : Allah clears that the ruling (hukm) for him is the ruling (hukm) for them…furthermore, this order will remain till the day of judgement. This is because he has gone against Allah and his messenger as they have, and fire is compulsory for him as it is for them, and enmity for him is compulsory as is the enmity for them, and fire is compulsory for him as it is for them, and he'll be counted amongst them or their companions.
"And the saying of Allah "whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them". It is clear that he'll be Kaafir like other Kaafir, and this is true, no two muslims disagree on it."
فى ظلال القراّن
The cornerstone of the Qur’ānic method of moulding a true Muslim is to instill in him that his allegiance must be given, pure and total, to his Lord, God’s Messenger, his faith, and the Islamic community. This is coupled with the need to instill in one’s consciousness the complete distinction between the Islamic camp and any camp that does not raise God’s banner, follow God’s Messenger or belong to God’s party. The Muslim is also to be made to feel that he is chosen by God to be a means of accomplishing His will in human life and history. Such a choice, with all its attending duties, is a demonstration of God’s limitless bounty which He bestows on whom He wills. To be in alliance with a community other than that of the Muslims is to turn away from God’s faith and reject His choice and bounty.
This method and its essential directives are of great importance. To be totally dictated to God and His Messenger, to faith and the Muslim community and to know the true nature of the battle and the enemies are conditions of vital importance for the fulfillment of the conditions of true faith. They are also a prerequisite in the moulding of a true Muslim and the organization of the Muslim community. Those who claim to be advocates of this faith do not truly believe in it and are not able to accomplish anything of value on earth unless they come to feel that they are a community apart. They are different from all other communities and camps except for those who raise the same Islamic banner, dedicate their total allegiance to God and His Messenger and have a leadership who shares their belief in God and His Messenger. They will also have to know the true nature of their enemies and their motives, and the nature of the battle they have to fight against them. They also need to know that all their enemies are in actual alliance against them and that they patronize one another in fighting the Muslim community and the Islamic faith.
It is most important to begin by defining the meaning of the alliance the believers are forbidden by God to maintain with the Jews and Christians. It is to establish a relationship of mutual support so as to forge one block with them. It has nothing to do with following their faith. It is extremely unlikely that we find among Muslims anyone who may be inclined to follow the Jewish or Christian faith. It is rather the type of alliance involving mutual help that was unclear to some Muslims who initially thought it permissible. It was a fact of life that there were mutual ties and interests between the Arabs in Madinah and groups of Jews. These developed into alliances between the two prior to Islam and continued in the early days after most Arabs in Madinah adopted Islam. Later, God ordered the Muslims not to enter into such alliances with the Jews of Madinah.
The term “alliance”, or its Arabic equivalent walā’, is well known and has a precise meaning in Islamic terminology. It occurs in the context of the relationship that the Muslims in Madinah were required to have with Muslims who did not migrate to the land of Islam. God says in the Qur’ān: “You have no alliance with them until they have emigrated.” (8: 72) It is obvious that what is meant here is not support in faith, because every Muslim is a supporter in faith to every other Muslim in all situations. The reference here is to the sort of alliance and patronage that requires mutual cooperation and military assistance. This latter relationship does not exist between Muslims in the land of Islam and those who do not join them in their land. It is this very sort of relationship which these Ayats block between believers and Jews and Christians in any situation, although it used to exist between them and the Jews in the early days of Islam in Madinah.
A Muslim is required to show tolerance in dealing with the people of earlier revelations, but he is forbidden to have a relationship of alliance or patronage with them. His path to establish his religion and implement his unique system cannot join with theirs. No matter how kind he is to them, they will never be happy to implement his faith and establish his system. Nor will it stop them from entering other alliances to scheme against and fight the Muslims. It is too naïve to think that we and they can ever join forces to support religion in general against unbelievers and atheists. For whenever the fight is against Muslims, they join forces with the unbelievers and atheists. The fact that they are allies of one another has nothing to do with any particular period of time because it is rooted in the nature of things. They have never been allies with the Muslim community in any land or in any period of history. One generation succeeded another, confirming the truth of this accurate statement. Ever since their collaboration in fighting the Prophet Muĥammad (peace be upon him) and the Muslim community in Madinah, they have maintained their own alliance in all parts of the world at all times. Never was there any exception to this rule. Never did this planet witness anything other than that stated in the Qur’ān as a universal fact. In the original Arabic text the mode of expression selected is the one which is normally used to state permanent facts.
As this is a permanent fact, its consequences are clearly stated. Since the Jews and the Christians are allies of one another, they can only be patronized by someone of their own kind. If someone from the Islamic camp establishes an alliance with them, he actually removes himself from the Muslim camp, abandons the basic quality of Islam and joins the other camp. For this is the natural and practical result: “Whoever of you allies himself with them is indeed one of them.” (Ayat 51) He, thus, wrongs himself and wrongs the Divine faith of the Muslim community. Because of his wrongdoing, God puts him in the same group with the Jews and Christians to whom he has pledged his support and made himself an ally. God neither guides him to the truth nor returns him to the Muslim ranks: “God does not bestow His guidance on the wrongdoers.” (Ayat 51) simply describes the reality as it is. It is not possible for a Muslim to ally himself with the Jews and Christians and still retain his faith as someone who truly submits himself to God. He simply cannot keep his membership of the Muslim community which acknowledges alliances only with God and His Messenger, and with those who believe.
It is not possible for a Muslim to adopt a “wet” attitude towards the concept of complete distinction between himself and the Muslim community on the one side, and those who follow a system or raise a banner other than that of Islam on the other. If a Muslim does so then he is no longer able to make any contribution or be of any value to the overall Islamic movement, whose first and most essential goal is the establishment of a unique system based on a truly unique concept.
A Muslim believes, with an absolute certainty which admits no hesitation or wavering, that since the Prophet Muĥammad (peace be upon him) has conveyed his message to mankind, his faith is the only one acceptable to God. He believes that the system God required him to adopt as the basis of life is a unique system and cannot e replaced or substituted by another. It is the only one that can realize the full potential of human life. The only way for a Muslim to earn God’s forgiveness and acceptance is to exert his maximum effort in establishing both the ideological and social aspects of this system, changing no part of it, however small, and mixing it with no other system, be it religious, social or legal. The only exception is made in the case of what God has chosen to retain of earlier legislation and revelation, incorporating them as He did into the Islamic system. When a Muslim believes in all this with absolute certainty, he actually has the right motivation to work for the establishment of the system God has chosen for human life, knowing what that involves of hard struggle and pain that often goes beyond what man can normally bear. He also knows that he has to encounter difficult impediments, determined resistance and unending plots. Otherwise, what need is there to go to such trouble if ignorant systems, whether polytheistic, atheistic or based on deviant doctrines, can be made suitable substitutes? Why do we need to trouble ourselves in establishing the Islamic system if the differences between it and the systems of people of earlier revelations or other people are minor, cosmetic or easily ironed out? , Those who try to advocate a less decisive distinction in the name of tolerance and establishing a meeting ground between the followers of Divine faiths are actually mistaken in their concept of faith and their concept of tolerance. The true faith acceptable to God is the final version of His message to mankind. Tolerance remains in the field of personal relations and has nothing to do with ideological concepts or with the social system.
Ahmad and An-Nisa'i narrated from Anas who said: The Messenger of Allah said: "Do not seek light with the fire of polytheists." i.e. do not make the polytheists' fire a light for you.
This is a very clear directive. Muslims seek help from those of their community only. They do not take funds from World Bank only to be black-mailed by it later. They don't over-burden themselves with debts from non-Muslim countries.
It came in the hadith of Adh-Dhahhak (RA), "that the Messenger of Allah went out on the day of Uhud, when all of a sudden there was a good squadron or a harsh squadron so he said: ‘who are these?' They said: ‘The Jews of so and so.' So he said: ‘we do not seek assistance of disbelievers.'"
Al-Bayhaqi said: The authentic report is what Al-Hafidh Abu Abdullah informed us via a chain leading to Abu Hameed as-Sa'idi who said: "The Messenger of Allah went out until he left behind Thaniyya al-Wada', and all of a sudden there was a squadron. He said: ‘who are these?' They said: ‘Banu Qaynuqa and they are the people of Abdullah bin Salam.' He said: ‘Have they embraced Islam?' They said: ' rather they are on their deen.' He said: ‘Tell them to return for we do not seek assistance of the polytheists."
Surah An Nisa 4:144
O you who believe! do not take the unbelievers for friends rather than the believers; do you desire that you should give to Allah a manifest proof against yourselves?
A believer’s heart does not fear anything more than God’s displeasure and His punishment. Hence, the warning is put in the form of a question, which is sufficient to have a telling effect on those who believe in God.
(سيد قطب, فى ظلال القراّن)
اللهم ارزقنا شهادتا فى سبيلك
Author: Mohammad Awais Tahir
The author may or may not have the same views on the topic and would not like to be quoted on what has been said above. The author, however, deems nothing wrong with changing opinions, hence, he does not wish to amend/remove posts that do not resonate with his current thinking.
“Those who never retract their opinions love themselves more than they love truth.”
Please see : http://exploringpsyche.com/one-grand-retraction/
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