This blog post is a part of a series of articles : “How to Deal with Present Day Rulers and Systems”, which is an academic effort to understand the sayings of Allah’s Messenger on the topic. To view the index click here.
CATEGORY 6 - REBELLION WHEN THEY DON’T RULE BY LAWS OF ALLAH OR WHEN THEY COMMIT KUFR E BAWAH
HADITH # 25
مَا مِنْ نَبِىٍّ بَعَثَهُ اللَّهُ فِى أُمَّةٍ قَبْلِى إِلاَّ كَانَ لَهُ مِنْ أُمَّتِهِ حَوَارِيُّونَ وَأَصْحَابٌ يَأْخُذُونَ بِسُنَّتِهِ وَيَقْتَدُونَ بِأَمْرِهِ ثُمَّ إِنَّهَا تَخْلُفُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خُلُوفٌ يَقُولُونَ مَا لاَ يَفْعَلُونَ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا لاَ يُؤْمَرُونَ فَمَنْ جَاهَدَهُمْ بِيَدِهِ فَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ وَمَنْ جَاهَدَهُمْ بِلِسَانِهِ فَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ وَمَنْ جَاهَدَهُمْ بِقَلْبِهِ فَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ وَلَيْسَ وَرَاءَ ذَلِكَ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ حَبَّةُ خَرْدَلٍ
It is narrated on the authority of 'Abdullah b. Mas'ud that the Messenger of Allah (may peace and blessings be upon him) observed: Never a Prophet had been sent before me by Allah towards his nation who had not among his people (his) disciples and companions who followed his ways and obeyed his command. Then there came after them their successors who said whatever they did not practise, and practised whatever they were not commanded to do. He who strove against them with his hand was a believer, he who strove against them with his tongue was a believer, and he who strove against them with his heart was a believer and beyond that there is no faith even to the extent of a mustard seed.
Reference: Sahih al-Muslim
LESSONS FROM THIS HADITH
People (rulers) would come who would rule by other than the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad and the book of Allah. This has happened with the previous Ummah also, and this indeed has happened with us as well. Believers are those who strive against them with their hands (power), and those who strive against them with their tongues (intellect, media), and those who detest it in their hearts and desire its change. And those who embrace these rules and are happy with them they don’t have faith even to the extent of a mustard seed.
قال إبن رجب الحنبلي: و هذا يدل على جهاد الأمراء باليد.
Ibn Rajab al Hanbali said (about this hadith): And this proves the jihad against the rulers with the hand. [Jaami' al 'Oloom wal Hikam 304]
HADITH # 26
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ عَنْ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ کَانَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ مُطْعِمٍ يُحَدِّثُ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَ مُعَاوِيَةَ وَهُوَ عِنْدَهُ فِي وَفْدٍ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَمْرٍو يُحَدِّثُ أَنَّهُ سَيَکُونُ مَلِکٌ مِنْ قَحْطَانَ فَغَضِبَ فَقَامَ فَأَثْنَی عَلَی اللَّهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَإِنَّهُ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّ رِجَالًا مِنْکُمْ يُحَدِّثُونَ أَحَادِيثَ لَيْسَتْ فِي کِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تُوثَرُ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَأُولَئِکَ جُهَّالُکُمْ فَإِيَّاکُمْ وَالْأَمَانِيَّ الَّتِي تُضِلُّ أَهْلَهَا فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ فِي قُرَيْشٍ لَا يُعَادِيهِمْ أَحَدٌ إِلَّا کَبَّهُ اللَّهُ فِي النَّارِ عَلَی وَجْهِهِ مَا أَقَامُوا الدِّينَ تَابَعَهُ نُعَيْمٌ عَنْ ابْنِ الْمُبَارَکِ عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ عَنْ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ
Narrated Muhammad bin Jubair bin Mut'im: That while he was included in a delegation of Quraish staying with Muawiya, Muawiya heard that 'Abdullah bin 'Amr had said that there would be a king from Qahtan tribe, whereupon he became very angry. He stood up, and after glorifying and praising Allah as He deserved, said, "To proceed, I have come to know that some of you men are narrating things which are neither in Allah's Book, nor has been mentioned by Allah's Apostle . Such people are the ignorant among you. Beware of such vain desires that mislead those who have them. I have heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'This matter (of the caliphate) will remain with the Quraish, and none will rebel against them, but Allah will throw him down on his face as long as they stick to the rules and regulations of the religion (Islam).'"
Reference: Sahih Bukhari (Hadith #2009)
LESSONS FROM THIS HADITH
It is allowed to rebel against those rulers who don’t stick to rules and regulations of Islam.
HADITH # 27
عن عبد الله بن عمرو رضي الله عنهما قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : إذا رأيت أمتي تهاب فلا تقول للظالم يا ظالم فقد تودع منهم هذا
Narrated Abdullah bin ‘Amr (May Allah be pleased with him) the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said "If you see my Ummah afraid of telling the oppressor: You are an oppressor, it is farewell to the Ummah".
Reference: Mustadrak al Hakim (Hadith # 7036), Hakim said that it has a Sahih Chain, also declared Sahih by Ad Dhahabi in Al Talkhees. Masnad Ahmed (Hadith # 6776, 6784), Sh’uaib Arnaoot classified it to be Da’eef because of a break in chain. Al-Albani Classified as Da’eef by al-Albani in Ad-Daeefah (Hadith # 1234).Ahmed Shakir has classified it to be Sahih, and he has discussed this in detail under (hadith # 6521) that ‘abu zubair did meet Abdullah bin ‘amr’, and he quote Dahabi on it. Al-Haithmi has authenticated it in Majma’ Az Zawaid. Ibn Hajar Asqalani quoted the same hadith in “Itihaf al Mihra 9/621 No.12073” and said “Sahih ul Al Isnaad”.
LESSONS FROM THIS HADITH
Prophet Muhammad told us that when the Ummah is afraid to rise against the oppressor, then its farewell to the Ummah. But, as prophesized in other ahaadith, there will always be people striving for truth, even if they are very little in number and they will not be affected by the blame of the blamers.
HADITH # 28
عن طارق قال جاء رجل إلى النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فقال : أي الجهاد أفضل قال كلمة حق عند إمام جائر
Tariq (May Allah be pleased with him) narrates that a man came to Allah’s messenger and asked, “Which Jihad is best?”. Allah’s messenger replied, “Saying a word of truth in front of an oppressive ruler”.
Reference: Masnad Ahmed bin Hanbal (Hadith # 18848), Shu’aib Arnaoot says that its chain is ‘Sahih’ and all the narrators are trustworthy and narrators of the two Shaikhs.
LESSONS FROM THIS HADITH
This hadith highlights the importance of intellectual struggle.
APPLICATION OF THESE AHAADITH IN PRESENT WORLD
There is no submission to systems and leaders that are run on secular laws. One has to hate them in the heart, and love the system and laws of Allah instead, and strive to make the order of Allah supreme, and striving includes intellectual struggle and physical struggle. Let us not strive to protect the status-quo, let us not spend our lives in protecting secular democracies, let us return to our religion (Islam) and find glory and peace in it.
Reasons for our decline are obvious, that we have left Islam, and left the struggle to implement Islam (i.e. Jihad).
عن ابي بكر الصديق قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ما ترك قوم الجهاد الا عمهم الله بالعذاب
Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said, “No people give up Jihad but Allah afflicts them with general punishment.”
Reference: Tabrani in his Awsat (Hadith # 2/228), al-Albani authenticated in As-Saheeha (Hadith # 2663)
عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يَقُولُ « إِذَا تَبَايَعْتُمْ بِالْعِينَةِ وَأَخَذْتُمْ أَذْنَابَ الْبَقَرِ وَرَضِيتُمْ بِالزَّرْعِ وَتَرَكْتُمُ الْجِهَادَ سَلَّطَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ ذُلاًّ لاَ يَنْزِعُهُ حَتَّى تَرْجِعُوا إِلَى دِينِكُمْ ». قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ الإِخْبَارُ لِجَعْفَرٍ وَهَذَا لَفْظُهُ.
'When you indulge in Baiy Ayna*, stick to your cattle** and stay contented with your agriculture and give up Jihad, Allah will inflict you with misery until you revert to your religion.'
*Baiy Ayna means refers to the act of selling an item on credit and then buying it back on a lesser price. e.g. Mr. A sells a book for $. 500/- on credit to Mr. B and then buys it back for $. 400/- i.e. he got his item back and still Mr. B owes him $. 100/
** Literally: 'hold the tails of your cattle'
Reference: Sunan Abu Dawud (Hadith # 3464) Narrated bin Ibn e Umar RA, authenticated by al-Albani in As-Saheeha (Hadith # 11)
And Allah Knows Best.
Author: Muhammad Awais Tahir
The author may or may not have the same views on the topic and would not like to be quoted on what has been said above. The author, however, deems nothing wrong with changing opinions, hence, he does not wish to amend/remove posts that do not resonate with his current thinking.
“Those who never retract their opinions love themselves more than they love truth.”
Please see : http://exploringpsyche.com/one-grand-retraction/
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