This blog post is a part of a series of articles : “How to Deal with Present Day Rulers and Systems”, which is an academic effort to understand the sayings of Allah’s Messenger on the topic. To view the index click here.
CATEGORY 7 - NARRATIONS ON ‘DISCONNECTING’ FROM ALL SECTS AND SYSTEMS
HADITH # 29
حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّی حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ يَزِيدَ بْنِ جَابِرٍ حَدَّثَنِي بُسْرُ بْنُ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ الْحَضْرَمِيُّ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا إِدْرِيسَ الْخَوْلَانِيَّ يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنَ الْيَمَانِ يَقُولُا کَانَ النَّاسُ يَسْأَلُونَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ الْخَيْرِ وَکُنْتُ أَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ الشَّرِّ مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يُدْرِکَنِي فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّا کُنَّا فِي جَاهِلِيَّةٍ وَشَرٍّ فَجَائَنَا اللَّهُ بِهَذَا الْخَيْرِ فَهَلْ بَعْدَ هَذَا الْخَيْرِ شَرٌّ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَقُلْتُ هَلْ بَعْدَ ذَلِکَ الشَّرِّ مِنْ خَيْرٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَفِيهِ دَخَنٌ قُلْتُ وَمَا دَخَنُهُ قَالَ قَوْمٌ يَسْتَنُّونَ بِغَيْرِ سُنَّتِي وَيَهْدُونَ بِغَيْرِ هَدْيِي تَعْرِفُ مِنْهُمْ وَتُنْکِرُ فَقُلْتُ هَلْ بَعْدَ ذَلِکَ الْخَيْرِ مِنْ شَرٍّ قَالَ نَعَمْ دُعَاةٌ عَلَی أَبْوَابِ جَهَنَّمَ مَنْ أَجَابَهُمْ إِلَيْهَا قَذَفُوهُ فِيهَا فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صِفْهُمْ لَنَا قَالَ نَعَمْ قَوْمٌ مِنْ جِلْدَتِنَا وَيَتَکَلَّمُونَ بِأَلْسِنَتِنَا قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَمَا تَرَی إِنْ أَدْرَکَنِي ذَلِکَ قَالَ تَلْزَمُ جَمَاعَةَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَإِمَامَهُمْ فَقُلْتُ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَکُنْ لَهُمْ جَمَاعَةٌ وَلَا إِمَامٌ قَالَ فَاعْتَزِلْ تِلْکَ الْفِرَقَ کُلَّهَا وَلَوْ أَنْ تَعَضَّ عَلَی أَصْلِ شَجَرَةٍ حَتَّی يُدْرِکَکَ الْمَوْتُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَی ذَلِکَ
It has been narrated on the authority of Hudhaifa b. al-Yaman who said: People used to ask the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) about the good times, but I used to ask him about bad times fearing lest they overtake me. I said: Messenger of Allah, we were in the midst of ignorance and evil, and then God brought us this good (time through Islam). Is there any bad time after this good one? He said: Yes. I asked: Will there be a good time again after that bad time? He said: Yes, but therein will be a hidden evil. I asked: What will be the evil hidden therein? He said: (That time will witness the rise of) the people who will adopt ways other than mine and seek guidance other than mine. You will know good points as well as bad points. I asked: Will there be a bad time after this good one? He said: Yes. (A time will come) when there will be people standing and inviting at the gates of Hell. Whosoever responds to their call they will throw them into the fire. I said: Messenger of Allah, describe them for us. He said: All right. They will be a people having the same complexion as ours and speaking our language. I said: Messenger of Allah, what do you suggest if I happen to live in that time? He said: You should stick to the main body of the Muslims and their leader. I said: If they have no (such thing as the) main body and have no leader? He said: Separate yourself from all these factions, though you may have to eat the roots of trees (in a jungle) until death comes to you and you are in this state.
Reference: Sahih Muslim (Hadith # 4778)
LESSONS FROM THIS HADITH
When rulers come who do not rule by the laws of Allah and they implement systems that lead to hell-fire, one has to stick to main body of the Muslims (Khilafah) and their leader (Khalifah, Ameer ul a’zam). And if there is no central body of Muslims, one has the option to seclude himself from all systems and sects, and protect his religion by living in jungles and becoming self-sufficient.
HADITH # 30
ذَكَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِتْنَةً فَقَرَّبَهَا قَالَتْ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَنْ خَيْرُ النَّاسِ فِيهَا قَالَ رَجُلٌ فِي مَاشِيَتِهِ يُؤَدِّي حَقَّهَا وَيَعْبُدُ رَبَّهُ وَرَجُلٌ آخِذٌ بِرَأْسِ فَرَسِهِ يُخِيفُ الْعَدُوَّ وَيُخِيفُونَهُ
Sayyidah Umm Malik Bahziyah is reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) mentioned fitnah (trial) and said it was approaching (them). She said, “O Messenger of Allah, (SAW) who would be the best of men during it? “ He said, “A man who is among his animals and gives their rights (zakah) and worships his Lord. And, a man who holds his horse stirring fear in the enemy and they frighten him (too).”
Reference: Jami’ Tirmidhi (Hadith # 2117), al-Albani classified it to be Sahih. M’ujam al Kabeer At-Tabari (Hadith # 362). Masnad Ahmed (Hadith # 27393), Sh’uaib Arnaoot graded it to be ‘Sahih Li ghairhi’, and that hadith begins as “best of people in times of fitan is…..” rest of the hadith is same.
LESSONS FROM THIS HADITH
In the times of fitan (trials), when falsehood is all around and truth is hard to find, the best and the safest path would be either to cut yourself from the kufr of secular systems or to remain in a state of continuous struggle against these systems.
APPLICATION OF THESE AHAADITH IN PRESENT WORLD
It is easy to understand how one can’t remain ‘neutral’ in current day secular systems. If you are just working to earn your ‘halal’ living, you are made to involve in transactions that involve Riba one way or the other.
لَيَأْتِيَنَّ عَلَى النَّاسِ زَمَانٌ لاَ يَبْقَى أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ أَكَلَ الرِّبَا فَإِنْ لَمْ يَأْكُلْهُ أَصَابَهُ مِنْ بُخَارِهِ
Abu Hurraira reported that Prophet Muhammad said, “A time will come when no one will remain except he’ll be dealing in riba’, and if he’s not (directly) dealing it, then its dust will reach him”
Reference: Sunan Abu Dawud (Hadith # 3333), Sunan Ibn e Majah (Hadith # 2278), Classified as Da’eef by al-Albani
You are made to pay taxes. The taxes you pay are used to run the institutions of army and police, who are hurdles in your path to implement the systems of Islam. So, your ‘active’ life-style might be a silent service to the secular system. Hence, either you use most of your time to struggle against these systems, as the hadith indicates “a man who holds his horse stirring fear in the enemy” or you have to cut-off from the society and go to the jungles and become self-sufficient. And as Prophet Muhammad had prophesized that there would always be a group striving for the right-cause, you have to struggle to find them. Be absolutely sure, that they do exist.
مُعَاوِيَةَ يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ لَا يَزَالُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ بِأَمْرِ اللَّهِ لَا يَضُرُّهُمْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُمْ وَلَا مَنْخَالَفَهُمْ حَتَّی يَأْتِيَهُمْ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَهُمْ عَلَی ذَلِکَ
Narrated Mu’awiya: I heard the Prophet saying, "A group of people amongst my followers will remain obedient to Allah's orders and they will not be harmed by anyone who will not help them or who will oppose them, till Allah's Order comes upon them while they are still on the right path."
Reference: Sahih Al Bukhari (Hadith # 3369)
If you are on the look-out for the qualities of this victorious group, Allah has characterized them in clear words in the Holy Qur’an:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَن يَرْتَدَّ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ أَذِلَّةٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعِزَّةٍ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ يُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَخَافُونَ لَوْمَةَ لَائِمٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ
O you who believe! whoever from among you turns back from his religion, then Allah will bring a people, He shall love them and they shall love Him, lowly before the believers, mighty against the unbelievers, they shall strive hard in Allah's way and shall not fear the censure of any censurer; this is Allah's Face, He gives it to whom He pleases, and Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing. [Surah al-Ma’ida 5:54]
Author: Muhammad Awais Tahir
The author may or may not have the same views on the topic and would not like to be quoted on what has been said above. The author, however, deems nothing wrong with changing opinions, hence, he does not wish to amend/remove posts that do not resonate with his current thinking.
“Those who never retract their opinions love themselves more than they love truth.”
Please see : http://exploringpsyche.com/one-grand-retraction/
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