Followers

Search

Loading...

14 June, 2011

Ayaat of Quran and Ahaadith on Seeking Knowledge

It was narrated that Anas bin Mâlik said: The Messenger of Allah said “Seeking knowledge is a duty upon every Muslim”. ”

Muslim-Babies-Reciting-the-Holy-Quran

People of Allah: People of Quran

It was narrated that Anas bin Malik said: “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Allah has His own people among mankind.’ They said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, who are they?’ He said: ‘The people of the Qur’án, the people of Allah and those who are closest to Him.”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 214, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


The Fiqh of Religion

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Allah wills good for a person, He causes him to understand the religion.’”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 220, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Seeking Knowledge: A Duty

It was narrated that Anas bin Mâlik said: The Messenger of Allah said “Seeking knowledge is a duty upon every Muslim”. ”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 224, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Pursuit of Knowledge: Path to Heaven

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah said: “…Whoever follows a path in pursuit of knowledge, Allah will make easy for him a path to Paradise. No people gather in one of houses of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah and teaching it to one another, but the angels will surround them, tranquility will descend upon them, mercy will envelop them and Allah will mention them to those who are with Him. And whoever is hindered because of his bad deeds, his lineage will be of no avail to him.”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 225, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Knowledge Seeker: Welcomed by Angels

It was narrated that Zirr bin Hubaish said: “I went to Safwân bin ‘Assâl Al-Murâdi and he said: What brought you here?’ I said: ‘I am seeking knowledge.’ He said: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “There is no one who goes out of his house in order to seek knowledge, but the angels lower their wings in approval of his action.”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 226, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Teaching and Learning: A form of Jihad

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah ii say: ‘Whoever comes to this mosque of mine, and only comes for a good purpose, such as to learn or to teach, his status is like that of one who fights in Jihad in the cause of Allah. Whoever comes for any other purpose, his status is that of a man who is keeping an eye on other people’s property.’”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 227, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Difference between knowledge and Understanding

It was narrated from Zaid bin Thâbit that the Messenger of Allah said: “May Allah cause his face to shine, the man who hears what I say and conveys it (to others). Many of those who have knowledge but no understanding, and many who convey knowledge to those who have more understanding of it than they do” ”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 230, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Spreading Knowledge

Muhammad bin Jubair bin Mut’im narrated that his father said: “The Messenger of Allah stood up at Khaif in Mina and said: ‘May Allah cause his face to shine, the man who hears what I say and conveys it (to others).

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 231, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Reward of Spreading good things

Sabl bin Mu’ddh bin Anas narrated from his father that the Prophet i said: “Whoever teaches some knowledge will have the reward of the one who acts upon it, without that detracting from his reward in the slightest.”

( Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 240, Classified as Hasan By Allama Albani)


The Best Earning

‘Abdulldh bin Abi Qatâdah narrated that his father said: “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘the best things that a man can leave behind are three: A righteous son who will pray for him, ongoing charity whose reward will reach him, and knowledge which is acted upon after his death.’”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 241, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Importance of Right Intention (Niyyah) in seeking Knowledge

It was narrated that Abu Hurrairah said: “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Whoever acquires knowledge by which the pleasure of Allah is sought, but he only acquires it for the purpose of worldly gain, will not smell the fragrance of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection.”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 252, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Importance of Right Intention (Niyyah) in seeking Knowledge

It was narrated from Thu ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever seeks knowledge in order to argue with the foolish, or to show off before the scholars, or to attract people’s attention, will be in Hell.”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 253, Classified as Hasan By Allama Albani)


Hiding Knowledge

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet SAW said: There is no man who memorizes knowledge then conceals it, but he will be brought forth on the day of Resurrection bridled with chains of fire,”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 261, Classified as Hasan By Allama Albani)


Not welcoming the Questioner

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Whoever is asked about knowledge that he has and he conceals it, will be bridled on the Day of Resurrection with reins of fire.’”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 266, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Knowledge and Action

Sayyidina Ibn Mas’ud (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “The feet of the son of Adam will not move away from his Lord on the Day of Resurretion till he is asked about five things about his life, how he spent it; about his youth, how he passed it; about his wealth, how he eared it; and on what he poured it; and what he did with that which he learnt.”

(Jami Tirmidh, Book on Description of Day or Ressurection, Hadith no 2424, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)


Importance of Wisdom

He grants wisdom to whom He pleases, and whoever is granted wisdom, he indeed is given a great good and none but men of understanding mind.

(Surah Al Baqarah 2:269)


Knowledgeable People are given High Ranks

Allah will exalt those of you who believe, and those who are given knowledge, in high degrees; and Allah is Aware of what you do.

(Surah Al Mujadilah 58:11)


The First Wahi: Importance of Reading and Writing

Read in the name of your Lord Who created. He created man from a clot. Read and your Lord is Most Honorable, Who taught (to write) with the pen. Taught man what he knew not.

(Surah Al Alaq 96:1-5)


The Mission of Prophet Muhammad

Certainly Allah conferred a benefit upon the believers when He raised among them a Messenger from among themselves, reciting to them His communications and purifying them, and teaching them the Book and the wisdom, although before that they were surely in manifest error.

(Surah Ale Imran 3:164)


Importance of Understanding Religion

And it does not beseem the believers that they should go forth all together; why should not then a company from every party from among them go forth that they may apply themselves to obtain understanding in religion, and that they may warn their people when they come back to them that they may be cautious?

(Surah Al Anfal 9:122)


Logic and Wisdom: A Muslim’s sword

Call to the way of your Lord with wisdom and goodly exhortation, and have disputations with them in the best manner; surely your Lord best knows those who go astray from His path, and He knows best those who follow the right way.

(Surah Al Nahl 16:125)


Those who know and those who know not

Are those who know and those who do not know alike? Only the men of understanding are mindful.

(Surah Al Zumar 39:9)


Signs for the wise

Most surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day there are signs for men who understand.

(Surah Al Zumar 3:190)


Duaas on ‘Seeking knowledge’

1- It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “One of the supplications that the Prophet used to say was:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ لَا يَنْفَعُ وَمِنْ دُعَاءٍ لَا يُسْمَعُ وَمِنْ قَلْبٍ لَا يَخْشَعُ وَمِنْ نَفْسٍ لَا تَشْبَعُ

[0 Allah, I seek refuge with You from knowledge that is of no benefit, from a supplication that is not heard, from a heart that does not fear (You) and from a soul that is not satisfied].’”

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 250, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)

2- It was narrated that Abu Hurrairah said: “The Messenger of Allah used to say:

اللَّهُمَّ انْفَعْنِي بِمَا عَلَّمْتَنِي وَعَلِّمْنِي مَا يَنْفَعُنِي وَزِدْنِي عِلْمًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ

[0 Allah, benefit me by that which you have taught me, and teach me that which will benefit me]

(Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 251, Classified as Sahih By Allama Albani)

3- The Duaa of Angels:

سُبْحَانَكَ لَا عِلْمَ لَنَا إِلَّا مَا عَلَّمْتَنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ

Glory be to Thee! we have no knowledge but that which Thou hast taught us; surely Thou art the Knowing, the Wise.

(Surah Al Baqarah 2:32)

4- The Duaa of Prophet Musa:

رَبِّ اشْرَحْ لِي صَدْرِي وَيَسِّرْ لِي أَمْرِي وَاحْلُلْ عُقْدَةً مِنْ لِسَانِي يَفْقَهُوا قَوْلِي

O my Lord! Expand my breast for me, And make my affair easy to me, And loose the knot from my tongue, (That) they may understand my word;

(Surah Taha 20:25-28)

5- Duaa taught by Allah

رَبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا

O my Lord! Increase me in knowledge

(Surah Taha 20:114)


Daeef Ahadith on the Subject

We must avoid spreading Daeef (weak) and Mawdhu(Fabricated) ahadith. These are the Daeef Ahadith on Knowledge that are commonly spread.

1- “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘One Faqih (knowledgeable man) is more formidable against the Shaitan than one thousand devoted worshippers.” (Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 222, Classified as Mawdhu By Allama Albani)

2- “He who imparts knowledge to those who do not deserve it, is like one who puts a necklace of jewels, pearls and gold around the neck of swines.” (Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 224, Classified as Daeef Jiddan By Allama Albani)

3- “The Messenger of Allah f said: ‘You must acquire this knowledge before it is taken away, and its taking away means that it will be lifted up.’ He joined his middle finger and the one that is next to the thumb like this, and said: ‘The scholar and the seeker of knowledge will share the reward, and there is no good in the rest of the people” (Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 228, Classified as Daeef By Allama Albani)

4- “The Messenger of Allah came out of one of his apartments one day and entered the mosque, where he saw two circles, one reciting Qur’ân and supplicating to Allah, and the other learning and teaching. The Prophet SAW said:

‘Both of them are good. These people are reciting Qur’ân and supplicating to Allah, and if He wills He will give them, and if He wills He will withhold from them. And these people are learning and teaching. Verily I have been sent as a teacher.’ Then he sat down with them.” (Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 229, Classified as Daeef By Allama Albani)

5- It was narrated that Ismâ’il said: “We entered upon Hasan to mquire after him until we filled the house. He tucked up his legs, then he (Hasan) said: ‘We entered upon Abu Hurairah to inquire after bin-i until we filled the house. He (Abu Hurairah) tucked up his legs and said: “We entered upon the Messenger of Allah until we filled the house. He was lying on his side, but when he saw us he tucked up his legs then he said: ‘After I am gone, there will come to you people seeking knowledge. Welcome them, greet them and teach them.” (Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 248, Classified as Mawdhu By Allama Albani)


Brief Comments

1- Knowledge sought for purely worldly reasons or degrees earned just to improve on the status in dunyah is not what’s mentioned in the above narrations. In-fact, that knowledge can become a source of harm to us and become علم لا ينفع if its hindering our way to spiritual ascension.

2- The comprehensive nature of Islam demands that all forms of knowledge helpful in building the Islamic society should be considered as a parcel of the ‘Islamic Sciences’, as was the norm when Islam was excelling in physics, mathematics and biology etc. But, the secular nature of the current sciences taught in schools, college is what’s the hurdle here. Had those sciences been an institution that improves the Islamic Society it would have been a difference story. Islamic Science had and should have an intention of better understanding the creations of Allah, to fully appreciate and involve one's self in the hamd of Allah.

3- Its doubtless that the knowledge of Qur’an and Hadith are the best form of knowledge, and without a ‘minimum level’ of knowledge of Qur’an and Hadith, all other forms of knowledge can become a ‘trial’ rather than a blessing.

Get Updates for New Post:

4 comments:

Ann Mark said...

You did a good job!
Thanks for letting others know about the Ayaat and Ahaadith of Quran on seeking knowledge .Explore the culture based on the teachings of Islam at http://www.muslimchoice.com/.

Polzh1 said...

Jazak Allahu kheir

Rahat Khan said...

I have a quesiton, from what book did albani authenticate these hadith? can you provide referenfes.

Muhammad Awais Tahir said...

References are already mentioned

Post a Comment