08 May, 2011

Difference between Scholars of Sultaan & Scholars of Rahmaan | الفرق بين علماء السلطان و علماء الرحمن

Every well bulleted, well documented, officially aired fatwa is not the truth. Cross check the views of scholars of sultaan in light of Qur’aan and Sunnah, especially when it comes to matters regarding the state. And there are still scholars of Rahmaan out there; find them. They are spreading the truth, and are acting on what they say.

Salah ud-din Al-Ayyubi started to gather the Muslims near the Holy Land, and planned to attack the Crusaders. Ground ‘realities’ suggested waging a war against the Roman Empire to be suicidal. Nevertheless, Salah ud-din did gather an army, and many scholars prepared themselves to join it, but when they saw the huge number of the crusaders, some of them turned their backs away (Ibn Kathir has mentioned this incident in al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah). Allah says in the Holy Qur’an:
إِنَّمَا يَخْشَى اللَّهَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْعُلَمَاءُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ غَفُورٌ
“…those of His servants only who are possessed of knowledge fear Allah; surely Allah is Mighty, Forgiving.” (Surah al-Faatir 35:28)
But, those ‘scholars’ feared death more than they feared Allah. Hence, as per the Holy Qur’an they are not to be counted amongst the people of knowledge. What good is knowledge if it doesn’t benefit you? For the very reason Allah’s messenger taught us to seek refuge from ‘ilm (knowledge) that doesn’t benefit.
Prophet Muhammad had prophesized the corruption of the Ummah. It’s Amazing that we often hear sermons on the corruption of the general population, but we seldom hear the corruption amongst those whom people count as ‘scholars’. Both of them were prophesized and both of them exist. Allah’s Messenger not only prophesized the scarcity of knowledge, but he also mentioned how it would take place:
Narrated Anas:  Allah's Apostle said, "From among the portents of the Hour are (the following): 1. Religious knowledge will be taken away (by the death of Religious learned men). 2. (Religious) ignorance will prevail. 3. Drinking Alcoholic drinks (will be very common).  4. There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse.”
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "(Religious) knowledge will be taken away, ignorance (in religion) and afflictions will appear; and Harj will increase." It was asked, "What is Harj, O Allah's Apostle?" He replied by beckoning with his hand indicating "killing." (Sahih al-Bukhari)
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The Hour (Last Day) will not be established until (religious) knowledge will be taken away, earthquakes will be very frequent, time will pass quickly, afflictions will appear, murders will increase and money will overflow amongst you." (Sahih al-Bukhari)
And another hadith makes it clear, that the disappearance of knowledge would not be because of less libraries or encyclopedias, but it would be a result of scarcity of scholars:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr: I heard the Prophet saying, "Allah will not deprive you of knowledge after he has given it to you, but it will be taken away through the death of the religious learned men with their knowledge. Then there will remain ignorant people who, when consulted, will give verdicts according to their opinions whereby they will mislead others and go astray."  (Agreed Upon)
We are often told that are we living in the time of Harj, we are living in times when alcohol drinking and rapes are common, we are living in the era when time passes quickly, and earthquakes are frequent, but we are not told that we are living in an era where true knowledge is scarce.
We are living in a weird time, when ‘ilm (knowledge) of a person is calculated based on his fame. The ‘Grand Mufti’ appointed by the government, is thought to be the most learned by the general public. Members of Fatwa Council of governments are thought to be the present day luminaries. The views of scholars prevalent amongst the public are those which governments wish to spread. And views that don’t coincide with the view of official fatawa committees are deemed as blasphemous. Which hadith binds us to follow the ‘famous’ scholars? Which hadith binds us to accept the views of Grand Muftis? Is there any hadith ordering us to follow the views of majority of scholars? When Allah’s Messenger himself prophesized that ignorance will prevail, how can he order us to accept the generally accepted views?
Allah’s Messenger also told us we’ll make the same mistakes that the Children of Israel did:
عن عبد الله بن عمرو قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ليأتين على أمتي ما أتى على بني إسرائيل حذو النعل بالنعل حتى إن كان منهم من أتى أمه علانية لكان في أمتي من يصنع ذلك وإن بني إسرائيل تفرقت على ثنتين وسبعين ملة وتفترق أمتي على ثلاث وسبعين ملة كلهم في النار إلا ملة واحدة قالوا ومن هي يا رسول الله قال ما أنا عليه وأصحابي

Sayyidina Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said, “The same things will be faced by my ummah as the Bani Israel faced as a shoe compares with (its pairing) shoe, to the extent that if there was anyone of them to have approached his mother (for sexual intercourse) then there will be in my ummah who would do that. And the Bani Israel divided into seventy-two sects and my ummah will divide into seventy-three sects, all of whom will go into the Fire except one sect (millah). “The sahabah (May Allah be pleased with them) asked (him), “Who are they, O Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him)”. He said, “(Who follow) what I am on and my companions (are on).” (Jami’ Tirmidhi, al-Albani graded it as ‘Hasan’)
As per the prophecy of Allah’s messenger, scholars of our Ummah will make the same mistakes, which the scholars amongst children of Israel did. Holy Qu’ran informs us of the mistakes of the scholars of Bani Israel:
1-      Leaving Nahi ‘Anil Munkar (forbidding Evil)
لَوْلَا يَنْهَاهُمُ الرَّبَّانِيُّونَ وَالْأَحْبَارُ عَن قَوْلِهِمُ الْإِثْمَ وَأَكْلِهِمُ السُّحْتَ ۚ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا يَصْنَعُونَ
Why do not the learned men and the doctors of law prohibit them from their speaking of what is sinful and their eating of what is unlawfully acquired? Certainly evil is that which they work. (Surah al Maida 5:63)
2-      Hoarding Money in name of religion & Taking People away from the ‘path of Allah’
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الْأَحْبَارِ وَالرُّهْبَانِ لَيَأْكُلُونَ أَمْوَالَ النَّاسِ بِالْبَاطِلِ وَيَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ يَكْنِزُونَ الذَّهَبَ وَالْفِضَّةَ وَلَا يُنفِقُونَهَا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَبَشِّرْهُم بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ
O you who believe! most surely many of the rabbis and the monks eat away the property of men falsely, and turn (them) from Allah's way; and (as for) those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in Allah's way, announce to them a painful chastisement. (Surah at-Tawbah 9:34)
Mawdudi writes in the tafseer of this Ayah: These religious leaders are guilty of two sins. First, they devour the wealth of the common people by selling false decrees, and by taking bribes, gifts and presents on different pretexts. They invent religious regulations and rituals and tempt people to buy their salvations and fortunes in life from them and make deaths and marriages dependent on the payment of due `price' to these "monopolists" of Paradise. To add to this another sin, they debar the people from the Way of Allah by involving them into different sorts of deviations and by obstructing the way of every Righteous Mission with the obstacles of `learned' doubts and `pious' suspicions.
Furthermore, the wording ‘Most Surely many rabbis and monks…’ elaborates that majority of their ‘scholars’ were astray. And it also shows, even in that time, there were few scholars who were still on truth.

3-      People believed in them blindly and they did not stop people from it
اتَّخَذُوا أَحْبَارَهُمْ وَرُهْبَانَهُمْ أَرْبَابًا مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَالْمَسِيحَ ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا إِلَٰهًا وَاحِدًا لَّا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ سُبْحَانَهُ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ
They have taken their doctors of law and their monks for lords besides Allah, and (also) the Messiah son of Marium and they were enjoined that they should serve one Allah only, there is no god but He; far from His glory be what they set up (with Him). (Surah at-Tawbah 9:31)
Authentic report is transmitted by Imam Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi and at-Tabari on the authority of `Adiy ibn Hatim that the Prophet was reading this verse: ‘They make of their rabbis and their monks...lords besides God.’ He said: `they have not worshipped them.’ The Prophet said: ‘Yes, indeed they did. They followed them when they forbade them what was lawful and permitted them what was forbidden. That is how they worshipped them.’
4-      Innovating ‘extreme’ paths
ثُمَّ قَفَّيْنَا عَلَىٰ آثَارِهِم بِرُسُلِنَا وَقَفَّيْنَا بِعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْإِنجِيلَ وَجَعَلْنَا فِي قُلُوبِ الَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُ رَأْفَةً وَرَحْمَةً وَرَهْبَانِيَّةً ابْتَدَعُوهَا مَا كَتَبْنَاهَا عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَّا ابْتِغَاءَ رِضْوَانِ اللَّهِ فَمَا رَعَوْهَا حَقَّ رِعَايَتِهَا فَآتَيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ وَكَثِيرٌ مِّنْهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ
Then We made Our messengers to follow in their footsteps, and We sent Isa, son of Mary, afterwards, and We gave him the Injeel, and We put in the hearts of those who followed him kindness and mercy; and (as for) monkery (monasticism), they innovated it-- We did not prescribe it to them-- only to seek Allah's pleasure, but they did not observe it with its due observance; so We gave to those of them who believed their reward, and most of them are transgressors. (Surah al-Hadeed 57:27)
5-      Not doing what they ask others to do
أَتَأْمُرُونَ النَّاسَ بِالْبِرِّ وَتَنسَوْنَ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ تَتْلُونَ الْكِتَابَ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ
What! Do you enjoin men to be good and neglect your own souls while you read the Book; have you then no sense? (Surah al Baqarah 2:44)

Allah has mentioned the corruption of learned men in the previous nations, so that we can clearly identify when similar happens in our Ummah. In striking similarity to monasticism, we have ‘scholars’ who preach modes of life, which over-emphasize a particular ritual of Islam, and take away importance from struggle in the way of Allah. We have scholars who warn people to read the sources themselves, and want them to do their taqleed. We have scholars who don’t speak on the evident evils in the society, and only tell people what they want to hear. We have scholars who don’t speak against the evident secular systems; rather, they ask people to submit to them.
Other signs of Evil scholars given in ahaadith are:
6-      Hiding Knowledge
Many ahadeeth have been related which severely forbid hiding knowledge. The famous marfu’ hadith from Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him):
قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَنْ سُئِلَ عَنْ عِلْمٍ عَلِمَهُ ثُمَّ كَتَمَهُ أُلْجِمَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ بِلِجَامٍ مِنْ نَارٍ
 “Whoever is asked about knowledge (that he knows about) and hides it will be bridled on the Day of Judgment by a bridle of fire.”
Reference: Reported by Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi (who graded it hasan), Ibn Majah and authenticated by al-Hakim according to the conditions of the two Shaikhs.
7-      Associating with Leaders who are oppressive or who do not rule by the law of Allah
Imam Jalaluddeen as-Suyuti (d.911 AH/1505 CE) has authored a book on the subject:  “WHAT THE LUMINARIES HAVE NARRATED ABOUT NOT GOING TO THE RULERS” (ما رواه الاساطين فى عدم المجى الى السلاطين). I have laid emphasis on this characteristic, because it is the most widely spread corruption amongst present day scholars. How can one remain neutral and give rulings according to the law of Allah, when he is a part of the fatwa committee of a leader or a system? They have joined hands with rulers who don’t rule by the law of Allah, whereas Allah’s messenger warned against aiding them in any way.
Reference # 1
عن أبي سعيد و أبي هريرة قالا : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : ليأتين على الناس زمان يكون عليكم أمراء سفهاء يقدمون شرار الناس ويظهرون بخيارهم ويؤخرون الصلاة عن مواقتيها فمن أدرك ذلك منكم فلا يكونن عريفا ولا شرطيا ولا جابيا ولا خازنا
Narrated Abu Saeed and Abu Hurairah: The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: "Mentally deficient rulers will come to you, and make the most evil, worst people near to them, and delay the prayer (not pray it at the fixed time). Every one of you, who realizes that, must not be policemen, not a corporal, not a collector and not a treasurer with them."
Reference: Ibn Hibban (Hadith # 4586), Sh’uaib Arnaoot classified it to be weak, because he said Abdur Rahman bin Mas’ud is ‘majhul’, other scholars like Ibn Hajr Asqalani have classified him to be trustworthy, al-Haakim considered him to be authentic as well (see Hadith # 4777), and Ad Dhahabi agreed with him in his talkhees. Abu Ya’la (Hadith # 1115), Authenticated by Hasan Saleem, and he said Abdur Rahman bin Mas’ud is trsuthworthy. Tabarani Majma Sagheer (Hadith # 9498). Majma Zawaid (Hadith # 9225), Haythami said narrators are sahih and trustworthy.  Classified as Sahih by al-Albani in Silsilah As-Sahiha (Hadith # 360) and he deemed the narrator to be Abdur Rahman bin ‘Abdullah. Al-Albani said that it had other chains too. In Saheeh at-Targheeb al-Albani classified it to be ‘Hasan lighairihi’.  The same wording is also quoted in a ‘mawquf’ hadith from ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud in M’ujam al-Kabeer and Masnaf Abdur Razzaq. The above wording is of Masnad Abu Ya’la.

Reference # 2
اسمعوا هل سمعتم أنه سيكون بعدي أمراء فمن دخل عليهم فصدّقهم بكذبهم، وأعانهم على ظلمهم فليس مني ولست منه، وليس بواردٍ علي الحوض، ومن لم يدخل عليهم ولم يُعنهم على ظلمهم، ولم يصدقهم بكذبهم فهو مني وأنا منه، وهو واردٌ علي الحوض
Ka’b ibn Ujrah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) came to us and we were nine people made up of five and four either of the two numbers representing Arabs and non-Arabs. He said, “Listen! Have you heard that there will be after me, rulers? If anyone goes to them and, despite their falsehood, vouches for their truth and, despite their tyranny, helps them over their oppression, then he does not belong to me and I am not his and he will not make it to my pond. And as for him, who does not go to them and does not aid them in their oppression and does not vouch their lies to be true, he is of me and I belong to him and he will come to me at the pond.”
Reference: Jami’ Tirmidhi (Hadith # 2259), Saheeh at Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Hadith # 2244), Sunan an Nasai (Hadith # 4207, 4208), Saheeh ibn e Hibban (Hadith # 283), Mustadrak al-Haakim (Hadith # 263, 264), M’ujam al-Kabeer (Hadith # 294, 295,296), Sunan al-Baihiqi al-Kubra (Hadith # 16445). Authenticated by al-Albani in Saheeh Jami’ Tirmidhi and Saheeh at-Targheeb wat Tarheeb and his grading of Sunan an Nasai, Shu’aib Arnaoot classified it as Sahih in his classification of Saheeh ibn e Hibban. Ibn e Hibban also quotes it from the father of Abdullah bin Khabab (Hadith # 284), Classified as Hasan by Sh’uaib Arnaoot.
Same hadith is narrated by Imam Ahmed with some addition, it starts as:
انها ستكون بعدي أمراء يكذبون ويظلمون
“Verily, there will be rulers after me, who will lie and be oppressive… ” (to the end of hadith)
Masnad Ahmed bin Hanbal, Hadith # 18151, Sh’uaib Arnaoot says that its chain is ‘Sahih’.
Another narration in Mustadrak al-Haakim (Hadith # 265) starts as:
أمراء يكونون من بعدي لا يهتدون بهديي و لا يستنون بسنتي
“There will be leaders after me, who will not take guidance from what I’ve brought, and not act according to my Sunnah (way)….” (to the end of hadith)
Another narration quoted by Tabarani in al-awsat (Hadith # 764) and al-kabeer (hadith # 354), which is found in Masnad At-Tayalsi (Hadith # 1164,1060) as well, starts as :

إن بعدي أمراء يعملون بغير طاعة الله
“There will be leaders after me, who will act without obeying Allah…” (To the end of hadith)
Reference # 3
عن ابن عباس : عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال من سكن البادية جفا ومن اتبع الصيد غفل ومن أتى أبواب السلطان أفتتن
’Ibn ’Abbas from the Prophet who said: “Whoever lives in the desert becomes harsh, whoever preoccupies himself with following hunting becomes heedless and whoever goes to the doors of the rulers is tested.”
Reference: Sunan Abu Dawud, Jami’ at-Tirmidhi, Sunan an-Nasa’I, al-Bayhaqi in Sh’ub ul-Iman and also Masnad Ahmed bin Hanbal. Al-Albani has graded it as Sahih in his classification of at-Tirmidhi.

Reference # 4
إياكم وابواب السلطان ؛ فإنه قد أصبح صعبا هبوطا
Abi al-'Awar as-Silmi (radhi Allahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhe wa salam) said: "Beware of the doors of the ruler for they have indeed become a source of trouble and humiliation."
Reference: As-Saheehah , Hadith # 1253
Reference # 5

مَنْ سَكَنَ الْبَادِيَةَ جَفَا وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَ الصَّيْدَ غَفَلَ وَمَنْ أَتَى السُّلْطَانَ افْتُتِنَ وَمَا ازْدَادَ عَبْدٌ مِنَ السُّلْطَانِ دُنُوًّا إِلاَّ ازْدَادَ مِنَ اللَّهِ بُعْدًا
“Whoever lives in the desert becomes harsh, whoever preoccupies himself with following hunting becomes heedless and whoever goes to the doors of the rulers is tested. A slave (of Allah) does not increase his closeness to the leader except that he increases his distance from Allah.”
Reference: Sunan Abu Dawud , al-Bayhaqi. Dr Abu Ali Taha Busareeh says in the classification of “What the luminaries have narrated about not going to the rulers” : the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah along with what has preceded from Ibn ’Abbas, and along with what will follow in another hadeeth from him also, may make it authentic, and with Allah is success. Al-Albani classified it to be Hasan in Silsilah as-Saheeha. The narration of al-Bayhiqi has the word قربا instead of دنوا.  

Reference # 6
يُوسُفَ بْنَ أَسْبَاطٍ , يَقُولُ: قَالَ لِي سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ: " إِذَا رَأَيْتَ الْقَارِئَ يَلُوذُ بِالسُّلْطَانِ فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لِصٌّ
Yusuf bin Asbaat narrates that Sufyaan Thawri said to him, “Whenever you see a scholar* entering into the presence of the rulers, then know that he is a thief”
Reference: Sho’ba al Imaan al-Bayhaqi (Hadith # 8972), authenticated by Ad Dhahabi in Siyara Alam Nabula 13/586 and also authenticated by Saleem Hilaali in the book ‘The Manners of the Scholars & Student of knowledge’ on Pg. 14. Similar is narrated in a Marfu’ narration from Abu Huraira, but al-Albani has graded it as weak.
* The arabic word used is فارى. The word قارى   was used in the meaning of scholar in that time, because they did not differentiate between reciters and scholars as we do. So the word عالم and قارى were used interchangeable. That is why, in the narration of Saeed ibn Musaib and Abu Huraira the word is العالم instead of قارى.

Reference # 7

Ibn al-Jawziyy said in Talbees Iblees (pp. 121-122) that:

"And from the deceptions of Iblees upon the scholars is their mixing with the rulers and the kings, their flattering them and failure to correct them when they are able to do so. May be they make allowances for them where there is no allowance for them, in order to attain some worldly benefit. So this produces corruption from three angles.

Firstly, the ruler is corrupted by that. He says, “If I were not upon what is correct, the scholar would correct me. And how can I not be correct when he is eating from my wealth!”

Secondly, the common person because he says, “There is no harm in this ruler, nor in his wealth, nor in his actions, because such and such scholar, does not criticize him.”

Thirdly, the scholar (himself) is corrupted by that. Because he corrupts his religion through this practice, and Iblees has deceived them into entering upon the rulers by saying to them, “You will just enter to intercede for the benefit of a Muslim.”

Reference # 8

Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee said in his book, Sharh Hadeethidh-Dhi`baan (the hadeeth about the two hungry wolves), "Many of the salaf used to forbid entry upon the rulers even for those who wanted to go to command them with good and to forbid them from evil. From those who forbade this were 'Umar ibn Abdul-'Azeez, Ibn al-Mubaarak, ath-Thawree and others.”

Reference # 9

Ibn al-Mubaarak said, “The one who commands and forbids them in our view is not the one who enters upon them and commands and forbids them. Rather the one who commands and forbids them is the one that keeps away from them.”

Reference # 10
Salamah bin Dinar said, “In the past if the leaders sent someone to fetch the ’Ulama, the ’Ulama would not go to them, or if the rulers asked the ’Ulama, the ’Ulama would not make any concessions for them. The rulers would go to the ’Ulama at their houses and ask them there and within this was rectification for both the rulers and the ’Ulama.”

Reference # 11

Sufyan ath-Thawri said “Knowledge will remain honoured until it is carried to the gates of the kings who take it for a small price, then Allah will remove the sweetness (of knowledge) from their hearts.”

Reference # 12
Imam Abu Muhammad bin Hazm when he advised the ’Alim in his treatise Maratib ul-’Uloom: To be afflicted by associating with the Sultan (leader) is to be afflicted by a great calamity and it is presenting oneself to a vile danger in which one’s deen and self will depart. (The scholar) is not to associate with him (i.e. the ruler) whatsoever as this will lead to ruin
Reference:  Dr Ihsan ’Abbas (ed.), Majma’ ar-Rasail Ibn Hazm al-Andalus, vol.4, p.76.

See the clear cut warnings of Allah’s Messenger:
Hadith # 1
عن عبد الله بن عمرو بن العاصي قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول : ان أكثر منافقي أمتي قراؤها

Abdullah bin 'Amr narrates that RasuluLLAH said “Most of the hypocrites of my Ummah will be its Quraa’*(scholars) "
Reference: Masnad Ahmed bin Hanbal, Sh'uaib Arna’oot classified
it as ‘Hasan’
*The word Qur'aa was used for scholars at that time, because the one well versed in Qur'an was the scholar. Nowadays, reciters fall in a different category and scholars in a different. This wasn't the case at that time.
Hadith # 2
 غير الدجال أخوف على أمتي من الدجال ، الأئمة المضلون
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said, “‘there is something more I fear for my Ummah more than the Dajjaal:  Misguided scholars.”
Reference: Masnad Ahmed bin Hanbal, Sh’uaib Arna’oot graded it as ‘Sahih’. The Arabic word used is ‘ائمه’ which can be translated as both: political leaders (kings, rulers) or religious leaders (scholars). In the times of Allah’s Messenger he was both the political leader and the religious one, and a similar trend was there in times of Rightly Guided Caliphs. We are used to understanding them as separate entities, and as we follow both the religious and political leaders, both will fall under ائمه. And Allah Knows Best.
Hadith # 3
عن زياد بن حدير قال قال لي عمر : هل تعرف ما يهدم الإسلام قال قلت لا قال يهدمه زلة العالم وجدال المنافق بالكتاب وحكم الأئمة المضلين

Ziyad said that Umer bin al-Khattab said to him, "Three destroy the religion, the error of a scholar, the arguing of a hypocrite regarding the Qur'an and misguided leaders."
Reference: Sunan Ad-Darimi 214, Hasan Saleem classified it to be authentic, also authenticated by al-Albani.
Hadith # 4
عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- « نَضَّرَ اللَّهُ عَبْدًا سَمِعَ مَقَالَتِى فَوَعَاهَا ثُمَّ بَلَّغَهَا عَنِّى فَرُبَّ حَامِلِ فِقْهٍ غَيْرِ فَقِيهٍ وَرُبَّ حَامِلِ فِقْهٍ إِلَى مَنْ هُوَ أَفْقَهُ مِنْهُ »
Anas bin Malik narrates that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “May Allah keep him fresh (and radiant) who hears a hadith from me, remembers it and conveys it to others from me, for, many a scholar of fiqh is not himself a faqih (jurist) and many a bearer of fiqh may carry it to one more learned than him in fiqh.”
Reference:  Jami’ Tirmdhi, Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan ibn e Majah, Ibn e Hibban and Sunan ad-Darmi. Authenticated by al-Albani and Sh’uaib Arnaoot. Also narrated by Zaid bin Thabit, Jabir bin Mut’im from his father, May Allah be pleased with them all.

We are living in an age of deception. Next time, you hear a fatwa from some standing committee; don’t trust the fatwa just because it is coming from a ‘reliable’ source. As an intelligent Muslim, you should take the warnings of Allah’s Messenger seriously, and identify the true scholars from the false ones.
If you want to see the truth, follow the arrows of the enemy. According to the report of RAND corporation, they have no problem with scholars who present Islam merely as a religion, but scholars who present Islam as a complete code of life, from everyday problems to socio-economic system, and strive to implement this system of Islam, they have only one solution for them : ‘crush them’. The propaganda that surrounds these scholars is evident and its upto you to find the reason, why? Why do Syed Qutab and Mawdudi face all the criticism?  Why is Tanzeem e Islami banned in Saudi Arabia? Why is Hizb ut Tahrir banned in so many countries? And why are Tableeghi Jam’aat made to work freely? Why is tahir ul Qadri so popular in the west?
Do not be fooled any more. Allah’s messenger said:
إن أخوف ما أخاف على أمتي كل منافق عليم اللسان
 “The greatest fear that I have for my Ummah is regarding a hypocrite who is good speaker”
Reference:  Masnad Ahmed bin Hanbal, Authenticated by Sh’uaib Arnaoot and al-Albani, narrated by Umer bin al-Khattab
Every well bulleted, well documented, officially aired fatwa is not the truth. Cross check the views of scholars of sultaan in light of Qur’aan and Sunnah, especially when it comes to matters regarding the state. And there are still scholars of Rahmaan out there; find them. They are spreading the truth, and are acting on what they say. Qur’an is a manual of revolution that was revealed in parallel with the greatest revolution this world has ever seen. How can Qur’an be understood by those who are residing in the comforts of their homes, serving the man-made systems?
“It should be remembered, nevertheless, that full appreciation of the spirit of the Qur’an demands practical involvement with the struggle to fulfill its mission. The Qur’an is neither a book of abstract theories and cold doctrines, which the reader can grasp while seated in a cozy armchair, nor it is merely a religious book like other religious books, the secrets of which can be grasped in seminaries and oratories. On the contrary, it is the blueprint and guidebook of a message, of a mission, of a movement. As soon as this Book was revealed, it drove a quiet, kind-hearted man from his isolation and seclusion, and placed him upon the battlefield of life to challenge a world that had gone astray. It inspired him to raise his voice against falsehood, and pitted him in grim struggle against the standard-bearers of unbelief, of disobedience of God, of waywardness and error. “(Mawdudi, Introduction to the study of the Qur’an)
And Allah Knows Best
Author: Mohammad Awais Tahir

The author may or may not have the same views on the topic and would not like to be quoted on what has been said above. The author, however, deems nothing wrong with changing opinions, hence, he does not wish to amend/remove posts that do not resonate with his current thinking. 
“Those who never retract their opinions love themselves more than they love truth.”

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  1. Great Article supported by authentic texts. Exposing the Scholars of Sultan.

  2. As slam o alikum!!

    Awais bhai.. Does it mean that all govt jobs are haram???

    Loved your audacity in complete article and very well directed conclusion...

    JazakAllah Kher
    Rizwan Alam

  3. Waqar Akbar CheemaMay 9, 2011 at 5:38 PM

    Jazak'Allahu khair for some thought provoking, amazing and useful references ...

    Every capable and conscious person must seek to test every opinion and "ruling" against Qur'an and Sunnah. this will not only save one from deviance but also also serve as a test to determine as to who is a "scholar of al-Rahman" or that of Sultan and who is "scholar" with little or "mistaken" knowledge

  4. Waqar Akbar CheemaJuly 22, 2011 at 9:10 PM

    Jazak'Allahu khair for some thought provoking, amazing and useful references ...

    Every capable and conscious person must seek to test every opinion and "ruling" against Qur'an and Sunnah. this will not only save one from deviance but also also serve as a test to determine as to who is a "scholar of al-Rahman" or that of Sultan and who is "scholar" with little or "mistaken" knowledge

  5. A wonderful article.May ALLAH reward you.This is a topic upon which no one speaks.